Chapter 3: "Charity"
- hyperbole: exaggerated description
- irony: contradictory situation
Students read the first page silently.
- Question: Where is there an example of a hyperbole?
- Answer: In the middle of the page: "She had...
enough wrinkles on her neck to make a parachute."(37)
- Discuss: Do people want charity?
- Discuss: Do students of predominantly European American
schools get a better education?
Adaptation of Mark Forget’s (www.maxteaching.com)
Listener/Teller method of improving comprehension:
- Partner the students according to previously prepared
list. (See "In advance" above.)
- Partners read one or two pages silently.
- Students take turns being the Listener and the Teller.
- The Teller relates any incidents of characterization
he or she remembers from the reading. Both students write
them on their charts
- The Listener adds more examples if needed. Again the
students both fill in their charts.
- The partners read the next one or two pages silently.
This time the Listener becomes the first Teller and the
students continue alternating this way to the end of the
- Question: What is Manny's attitude toward his mother's
dreams for him?
- Answer: Embarrassed by them. Does not believe in them.
Discuss: "Dad thought I should cut school altogether
and get a dishwashing job. ...." (38)
- Question: What does the teacher think of Manny's chances
for a good future?
- Answer: Says he has good enough grades. (40)
- Question: How does Manny relate to his father?
- Answer: Afraid of him. (47)
Discuss: What do you think of the father taking the money
- "You're a pretty smart boy. You have the grades."
(40) : Dialogue: Intelligent
- "Too embarrassed to tell him that attending another
school was just a dream of my mom's--another one that
probably wasn't going to hatch..." (43): Interior
Monologue: low expectations
- "...scared; scared of the new kids I'd be meeting."
( 45) Interior Monologue: sensitive, vulnerable
- "I wanted to run, but I couldn't signal my legs
to move." (47): Interior Monologue: sensitive, afraid
Homework: Pass out Interview
of Victor Martinez
Assignment: Make up five or more questions about Mr. Martinez.
Write the answers to your questions.
The next day have students ask and answer the questions
Chapter 4: “The Bullet"
Students read silently citing on The Characterization
of Manny Hernandez chart examples that make Manny come to
- Question: Why does Manny go with his mother to retrieve
his father? Where is Nardo?
- Answer: Manny is the responsible one. He is younger,
so still at home.
Question: What does the father say about Manny on page
- Answer: Naive, too trusting, like a parrot in the oven
that thinks it is hot in the shade. (See first page for
- Question: How does Manny show himself to be responsible
when his father is hysterically looking for bullets?
- Answer: 1. "I was behind him all the way, picking
things up and putting things back the best I could...."(56)
2. Reasoning with him: "But Dad, if you shoot Mom..."(56)
- Question: When the father hurts Manny by saying he only
cares about Pedi, does Manny leave? Give up?
What does his persistence despite this hurt say about
- Answer: No. Extremely responsible. Assumes the role
of an adult. Becomes the parent to the parent.
- Question: What two actions at the end of the chapter
demonstrate his caring, responsible nature?
- Answer: Sits quietly with mother. (69) Comforts Pedi,
ironically putting a bullet in her hand. (70)
- "...ignorant people who don't know where they are
in the world." (52): Dialogue: Father thinks this
- "I was behind him all the way, picking up and putting
things away the best I could." (56): Action: Taking
on the role of the parent, tries to calm his father and
heal the situation. Maturing. Responsible. Caring.
- "But, Dad. If you shoot Mom, they'll throw us
in jail. Then what will happen to us." (56): Dialogue:
Tries to reason with father. Becomes the parent to the
- At the end of the chapter, takes charge, comforts Mother
and Pedi: Action and Dialogue: Maturing. Responsible.
Pass out poem "My Papa's
Waltz" by Theodore Roethke
On board or screen:
Guiding Question: What role does alcohol play in
Pass out highlighters if available.
- stanza: section of a poem
- rhyme: use of words with similar sounds at the end of
- countenance: facial expression
- waltzed me off to bed: expression, took quickly to bed
- literal: actual
- figurative: not meant to be taken at face value
- Teacher reads the poem aloud as students highlight words
and phrases that are descriptive, emotionally
- . Choose four readers, one for each stanza and reread
- Have students underline the words and phrases in each
stanza that evoke the effects of alcoholism on a family.
- What does the image of the waltz refer to? What kind
of language is it? How is that comparison ironic?
- Students write a paragraph answering the guiding question,
What role does alcohol play in family relations as revealed
in Theodore Roethke's poem "My Papa's Waltz"?